Sunday, October 28, 2007

Field Replacement (continued)

Now let’s return to our single flow and see how it affects the orbiting electrons of an atom, the basic reason the phenomenon is called field replacement. For purposes of visualization, we can imagine a single atom with a cloud of orbiting electrons whizzing around its nucleus. We bring our single flow of electrons close to the cloud of orbiting electrons. The nucleus has attracted only so many orbiting electrons as its excess affinity propensity will allow. What happens when the flow of electrons, with an electron at every point in the flow, comes close to the cloud of orbiting electrons?
The electrons orbiting the flow have their affinity propensities balanced by their at rest motion. At the first chance, their at rest motion is going to gain the upper hand and the electrons will fly off, ambient in the field. In like manner, the electrons orbiting the nucleus have their at rest motion balancing their affinity propensity and at the first chance the at rest motion can gain the upper hand, they too will fly off, ambient in the field.
Thus, when the more stationary electron in the flow satisfies the affinity propensity of the nucleus of the atom, one electron to be exact because we have only a single flow of electrons, both the electron orbiting the flow at that point and one electron orbiting the nucleus will no longer be necessary. The affinity propensity of the flow is now satisfying the affinity propensity of the nucleus, or to be more exact, the more stable affinity propensities of the nucleus and the flow have replaced the less stable affinity propensities of the orbiting electrons, and no longer with an affinity propensity to attract them, they are off in search of other affinity propensities.
If we double the flow, two electrons are replaced, triple it and three electrons are replaced. Of course, in the real world, we’re dealing with billions of electron flows and billions of orbiting electrons. Note that a single flow can replace the electrons in multiple atoms because at any point in the flow there is an affinity propensity that is more stable than the affinity propensities of the orbiting electrons. That’s why the electrons replaced by the affinity propensities of the flow will join a flow of electricity and why certain elements can become magnetic, the orbiting electrons being replaced by the electric flows becoming electrons orbiting all the atoms in the element.
Let’s revisit our wooden matches, where we had one match head with a flame, the other without. When the matches are a foot apart, the expanding flows of electrons are not strong enough to penetrate the physical surface of the sulfur. They are merely being deflected and therefore not producing field replacement. However, as we move the unlit match closer to the flame, the flows of electrons begin to penetrate the physical surface and begin to field replace the sulfur at the match’s head. As the orbiting electrons are replaced, the try to head off, but they too have to contend with the physical surface of the sulfur. At the outset, they can’t all breach the surface and thus not only are the flows of electrons replacing orbiting electrons, but the replaced electrons are milling about, also replacing the need for orbiting electrons in the sulfur.
The field replacement continues apace until the physical surface of the sulfur can no longer contain the electrons, and the match head ignites, its mass of ambient electrons now becoming directed by the combustion process of the match itself. This combustion is itself a clearly defined process in which the orbiting electrons, now being replaced on a massive scale, cannot all exit the match head at the same time. As a result, one mass of them is released in an expanding sphere. During the instant between this expanding sphere and the next expanding sphere, the massive mass of replaced electrons in the match head regroups and organizes for another mass exit from the match head. This reorganization can be viewed as an instant of contraction, the release of the expanding spheres being a point of expansion. This cycle of contraction and expansion is what gives the totality of expanding spheres produced by a single event frequency, with the rate of combustion (or if we are producing them with electricity, oscillation) determining frequency.
(To be continued)

Saturday, October 20, 2007

Field Replacement

The concept of field replacement arises from the single particle with its two opposing properties of at rest motion and affinity propensity. Broadly stated, field replacement is the principle that stationary fields replace less stationary fields. Specifically, more stationary affinity propensities replace less stationary affinity propensities.
What are stationary affinity propensities?
One stationary affinity propensity is found in the nucleus of the atom, the excess affinity propensity of the combined units that attracts electrons into orbit around it. A less stationary affinity propensity is found in the orbiting electrons, where the affinity propensities of the electrons are balanced by their at rest motion.
However, the electrons with the most stable affinity propensities are, surprisingly, electrons in a flow of electrons, either in the form of electricity, magnetism, or the electromagnetic frequency spectrum. Let’s take a close look at a flow of electrons by starting out looking at a flow of water.
Assume we’re sitting beside a quietly flowing stream. We look out at the water and it appears to be perfectly still. However, we know it isn’t because every once in a while, a leaf will flow lazily by. What makes the water look still is that all the molecules of water are identical. When one molecule of water vacates a point in the stream, an identical molecule that follows it takes its position. While all the molecules of water are drifting with the flow of the stream, they all look like they are stationary because at any moment, the molecule that comes behind is replacing each molecule.
This is also the case in a flow of electrons. While science has a pretty hazy, and many times contradictory, view of an electron, we know the electron as our single elementary particle with its two opposing properties. We also know that all electrons are identical. Thus, we can picture a single flow of electrons. At any point in the flow there is always an electron. It is not the same electron at any one time, but since all electrons are alike, the fact that at any point in the flow there is always an electron means that for all intents and purposes, at any point in a flow of electrons, there is what is basically a stable electron, an electron’s presence that is stationary.
Now, let’s take a moment and look closely at the effect of a single flow of electrons. At any point in the flow, there is an excess affinity propensity due to the fact that at any point in the flow there is always an electron. The electron’s at rest motion is being satisfied by the forward motion of the flow, and to some extent, each electron's affinity propensity is partially used up by its presence next to the electron in front of it and the electron in back of it, but since all electrons are involved in a directed field, a field that has obtained its direction from an activity at its source, most of its affinity propensity is excess affinity propensity.
What do we know about excess affinity propensities? Electrons in the ambient field will seek excess affinity propensities out so that they can satisfy their own excess affinity propensities. In the case of the flow of electrons, how could electrons in the ambient field best satisfy the excess affinity propensities of both?
At each point on the flow, the excess affinity propensity would attract an orbiting electron but since each point in the flow is next to the point ahead and behind it, the only way the orbiting electron could satisfy the excess affinity propensities is if it orbited at a right angle the flow. With every point in the flow attracting an electron out of the ambient field, all of the electrons orbiting the flow at right angles make up what we measure to be the inductive field, the flow of electrons around a primary flow.
Why not attract electrons out of the ambient field at a left angle, which is to say, why does induction follow the right hand rule, the rule where, if you put the thumb of your right hand in the direction of the primary flow and curl your fingers, the curl of your fingers will give you the direction of the inductive flow. For reasons that will become clear when we discuss planetary orbiting and rotation, all motion in the universe accords with a right hand rule. If we point the thumb of our right hand in the direction of the North Pole and curl our fingers, our fingers will curl in the direction of planetary rotation and, if we extend our mind to the solar system, orbiting. I suspect induction follows rotation.
In any event, let’s add a second flow to the first flow. What happens? With twice the excess affinity propensity at every point in the flow, each point attracts two orbiting electrons out of the ambient field that orbit at right angles, doubling the inductive flow. Add a third flow and the inductive flow triple what it would be for a single flow. In short, the inductive flow is proportional to the primary flow, the basic rule of induction, and a fact of utmost importance when we later describe the mechanism of gravity.
(To be continued)

Saturday, October 13, 2007

The Atom

Combustion is the field. It is the process by which matter unravels, first the electrons that hold molecules and atoms into physical matter depart, then the units of the nuclei separate as the field of the combustion process replaces the affinity propensities holding them together, and then the actual electrons in the nuclei themselves are emitted in expanding spheres.
When the conglomerations of the heaviest atoms that formed in the absence of a field begin to ignite, some are small, the size of moons or planets, others are large, the size of stars. Regardless of size, however, they all have one thing in common: they are cooling. And they are all cooling at the same rate. This means that the larger the sphere of the heaviest element is, the longer it will take to cool.
As the smaller spheres start to cool, the rate of combustion on their surfaces slows. This means that the process that is occurring on the surface when it is combusting like the sun is today reverses itself. A point is reached where the electrons of the unit can no longer be separated by the lower field and thus the units begin to retain their original size. The most important result is that, as the field passes through various degrees of cooling, as what is becoming a planet is cooling and crusting over, the units are able to increasingly stay together.
The resulting nuclei will not be as complex as the heaviest atom that forms in the absence of a field, but they will range from the single unit, which science labels hydrogen, on up the field of elements to the radioactive elements.
Before we discuss why radioactive elements are radioactive, we should note that this model tells us a lot about the core of the Earth. Once sufficient crust has formed to shield the heaviest atoms that can form, those atoms' surface rate of combustion slows. This means that the core of the Earth is comprised of the heaviest atoms that can form in the absence of a field, the surface of this core burning intensely but not with the rate that occurs on the surface of the sun. This core is surrounded by the crust, elements whose atoms have fewer units in their nuclei, the range of nonradioactive elements, through which the core's expanding sphere passes, reaching up to the surface, which contains radioactive elements.
So why are some elements radioactive? The answer is once again found in the field, which on Earth is a combination of the internally produced field, the combustion on the surface of the core, and the sun. The elements that exist on Earth exist in this combined field. However, there are boundary elements that are the heaviest elements that can exist in a particular field. Because the field is what causes elements to break down, the elements that exist in a particular field are those elements that can hold themselves together solidly in that field and those elements that aren’t stable in the field because the field is constantly attempting to break them down, field replace them in the terms of the next chapter.
Thus, on Earth we have heavy elements such as uranium that are at the boundary of the Earth’s field. Elements that have fewer units in their nuclei are stable, while elements with more units in their nuclei simply don’t exist (or perhaps do momentarily under laboratory conditions). This means that in all likelihood, uranium, which is a boundary element on Earth, would be stable in the much weaker field of Pluto, which is both cold and distant from the sun’s field. Perhaps the manmade californium is the radioactive element on Pluto, the boundary element, and uranium is stable.
On the other side of the scale, the scalding surface of Mercury would not even allow uranium to exist, and the boundary element, the radioactive element would be much lighter, perhaps something like tungsten. (Synthetic radioactive elements, isotopes, that don’t exist naturally, are not boundary elements by rather forced elements that are unstable in a given field.)
The atom here built or modeled on the basis of a single particle with the two opposing properties of at rest motion and affinity propensity fits all the requirements of the atom we need to construct reality and find in reality. It explains solid matter, and in fact is one of the three constructions the particle with opposing properties can form. It explains weight, and the basic feature of gravity, why atoms of different complexity fall at the same rate buy require different forces to move against gravity, the mechanics of which will be shown when we describe what gravity is. The atom accounts for decay and matter’s ability to produce light, both of which will become clear in the next chapter. Above all, it does away with the need for the made-up strong force and provides an explanation for what moves orbiting electrons.
What about magnetism?
The nucleus of an atom has an excess of affinity propensity that attracts electrons into orbit around the nuclei. However, there is one situation in which the nuclei have formed into solid matter while still having an excess of affinity propensities. This means that the affinity propensities cannot be satisfied by orbiting electrons, but can be satisfied by sharing electrons. The magnetic material attracts an external cloud of orbiting electrons. The electrons travel in one end of the magnet and pass by the nuclei of the atoms in the magnet, replacing the nuclei’s excess affinity propensities as it does so. It exists the opposite end of the magnet, travels in lines outside the magnet, and reenters at the opposite end once again.
Passing a conducting circuit through the orbiting electrons will cause the electrons to tip into the circuit, producing electricity. An element that isn’t naturally magnetized has the excess affinity propensities of the nuclei of its atoms satisfied by orbiting electrons. However, if it comes close to a magnet, it will lose some of those orbiting electrons to the flow from the magnet and itself become magnetized. In like manner, if an electric coil is wrapped around the metal, the electricity in the coil will do the same thing, magnetize what wouldn’t ordinarily be magnetic.

Saturday, October 6, 2007

The Atom (continued)

When we last left the unit, all of the electrons’ affinity propensity in the unit could hold their at rest motion in check but wasn’t sufficient to cause another electron with its at rest motion to overcome its at rest speed and therefore, it would reach its optimal size and cease to grow. If it were not a part of the massive matter formation that was going on in the area whose absence of a field promoted matter formation, it would attract ambient electrons into orbit around it. This is because while it doesn’t have enough affinity propensity to capture electrons, it has enough to alter their paths and this excess affinity propensity would cause enough electrons to orbit it to balance out its excess affinity propensity. The orbiting electrons have not given up their at rest motion, but their affinity propensities have been captured by the unit so that the unit’s affinity propensities are balanced, or in better vernacular, used up.
However, the unit is not alone, it is among trillions of quickly forming units, and ambient electrons move to the place where there is the greatest excess affinity propensity. With all the units forming, there won’t be any ambient electrons to orbit the unit. However, in this world, excess affinity propensities are constantly seeking something to balance their excess affinity propensities, use it up. In the case of newly formed units, all with an excess affinity propensity, there is only one source of affinity propensity available, and that’s the excess affinity propensities of other units in the area.
Thus, after the unit is formed, it starts to conglomerate with other units, each unit using up the other’s excess affinity propensity. Just like its own formation is limited by the number of electrons that can be held together against their at rest motion, the new nucleus is limited by the amount of excess affinity propensity it has left to attract other units. While there is no force opposing the formation of the units into a nucleus, each time a unit joins the nucleus, it adds excess affinity propensity to the overall nucleus, but the overall nucleus does not have the sum of the excess affinity propensities of its units because the excess affinity propensities are slowly being satisfied, used up, not in holding the nucleus together but simply because they are in a contiguous state. Because all nuclei are made up of identical units, the resulting nuclei are identical, each hold the same number of units.
This leads to a startling conclusion. All elements, no matter how heavy, which is to say, no matter how many units it has in its nucleus, all started out as part of the most complex, the heaviest atom that can exist, the atom formed in the absence of a field. It also should be noted that this nucleus has, as of yet, no orbiting electrons and while it does not have an overall excess affinity propensity, it still has an excess affinity propensity sufficient to bind itself onto other nuclei and enter the process of physical matter formation.
Physical matter is the matter we experience in our ordinary lives. When we look to the heavens, we see that the matter has all been formed in spheres. The explanation for this is the same as the explanation for the expanding sphere. Expanding spheres expand spherically because electrons are being emitted in all directions and all directions is a sphere. So too in matter formation, where the nuclei conglomerate in all surface areas and all surface areas forms a sphere.
The result is the formation of spheres of varying sizes, some the size of planets, others the size of stars, that exist quietly in a seam of space that has an absence of a field. That seem, fed by the breaking down emissions of stars from every direction, continues to allow matter formation to occur so long as there is an absence of a field and a source of material, the electrons that are the broken down emission fields. When we look at the cosmos, we see that these seams, the matter formation fields for the galaxies, can be of varying sizes, but are all quite large. In a dynamic universe filled with galaxies rich in stars producing emission fields, the quiet time, the matter drifting as conglomerations of atoms, will not last forever. Just like our two matches, one lit, the other quiet, moving closing to a field, becoming immersed deeper into an emission field, results in ignition. All it takes is for one of these conglomerations of atoms to ignite just like it only takes one atom of phosphorous in the match to ignite, to ignite contiguous conglomerations of matter which in turn will ignite the conglomerations contiguous to it and before long the galaxy lights up, springs into existence.
I’ll wait until discussing solar system movement to describe galactic rotation, how it starts and how it is powered. For now, we’ll jump to the solar system to see what happens to the most complex of atoms formed in the absence of a field when it is caught up in the maelstroms of combustion.
(To be continued)